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CTMC Conference & Festival 2018

The 10th Annual International Charles Town Maroon Conference & Festival continues to be incomparable in its presentation of academic, cultural and wellness offerings to exceed the expectations of our local and international audience. There is something for everyone in an eclectic programme that showcases conversations, performances, health and healing modalities around the theme Maroon and Indigenous Peoples: Towards a Sustainable Future. The Conference & Festival is infused with many aspects of indigeneity focused on Maroon (African and Taíno) ways and culture that pays tribute to the Maroons as today's ancestral voices leading the way to social and economic development. There is little to compare with the excitement, the enjoyment, and entertainment of the Maroon conference at Charles Town! People who attend have been amazed at the great time that is to be had by all. The 9th Annual International Maroon Conference in June 2017 promises to be the best yet – building on the successes of previous conferences. Now a four-day event, this showcase of the Maroon peoples’ culture is driving developments in historical, cultural and entertainment tourism in Jamaica.

 

Conference Schedule 2018

Our Marketplace open 10:00 am - Midnight each day.

Our Wellness Village open Saturday, June 23: 12:00 noon - Sunday, June 24:  6:00 pm    

 

Wednesday, June 20, 2018

6:00 pm - 9:00 pm, Opening Reception at Goblin Hill Villas

Performance by Charles Town Drummers and Dancers

First Academic Day

Thursday, June 21, 2018

10:00-11:00am          Maroon and Indigenous Sustainability

                                    Dr. Paul Youngquist, University of Colorado Boulder

                                    Dr. Frances Botkin, Towson University

                                    "Green Maroons"

                                    John Favini, PhD Candidate, Anthropology,

                                    University of Virginia

                                    "Decolonizing the 'Eco-Imagination': Indigeneity, Marronage, and the Search for Livable Futures"

                                    Dr. Amy M. Johnson, Associate Professor, History,

                                    Elon University

                                    "Sustainable Identities: Indigenous Incorporation among the Maroons of Jamaica"

11:30am-12:30pm Maroon Women and Resistance

                                    Dr. Isis Semaj-Hall, Literatures in English, UWI Mona

                                    “Who Will Nanny She? Black Woman, Marooned"

                                    Dr. Harcourt Fuller, Associate Professor, History,

                                    Georgia State University

                                    "From Queen-Mother Aqualtune to Queen Nanny: Women Warriors and Leaders in Maroon Strongholds in the                                                 Atlantic World"

                                    Tejan Green-Waszak, PhD Candidate, English,

                                    St. John's University

                                    "Maroon Culture and Tradition in Popular 20th Century Jamaican Women's Poetry"

1:30-2:30pm             Indigenous Traditions and Sustainability

                                    Dr. Marcus Goffe, Attorney-at-Law

                                    "Extinguishing the Myth of Extinction: The Re-emergence of the Taíno in Jamaica"

                                    David Brown, Senior Research Fellow,

                                    African Caribbean Institute of Jamaica/Jamaica Memory Bank

                                    "Sound as Memory: African Continuities in the Horn traditions of the Jamaican Maroons and the Curaçaoan                                                     Kachuleros"

                                    Debon Panton, MPhil, Post Grad. Studies,

                                    Institute of Caribbean Studies, UWI Mona                                                                                    

                                    "Obeah & Bush Medicine: Preserving our Heritage"

3:00-4:00pm             The Politics of Indigeneity

                                    Dr. Christina H. Fuller, Assistant Professor,

                                    Environmental Health, Georgia State University

                                    "Environmental Pressures and Health Disparities: Achieving Environmental Justice in Urban and Rural Communities                                         of the African Diaspora"

                                    Tracey Mia Stewart, PhD Candidate, Music,

                                    University of Virginia

                                    "Acknowledging Jamaican Maroon Exceptionalism Beyond Party Lines and Campaign Promises"

                                    Lisa Betty, PhD Candidate, History, Fordham University

                                    "At the Intersection of Undocumented and Black"

8:00 pm                      Film Festival

                                    •          Papa Machete - short film from Haiti

                                    •          Col. Lumsden - short interview about the Bench Drum

                                    •          Passage - short film from the Bahamas

                                    •          Maestra - short film from Cuba

                                    •          Feature film: Daughters of the Dust - Gullah Geechee culture from USA

 

Second Academic Day

Friday, June 22, 2018

           

1:00-2:00pm              Legacies of Resistance

                                    Nakeia Medcalf, MA Candidate, Interior Architecture, Rhode Island School of Design

                                    "Reject Design Through Afrofuturism"

                                    Dr. Patricia Gonzalez Gomes-Casseres, Senior Lecturer,

                                   Spanish, Smith College

                                   "Maroon Communities and the Environment: Physical and Spiritual Survival"

                                   Chief Michael Grizzle, Trelawny Town-Flagstaff Maroons

                                  "Maroon: Invisible yet Invincible"

2:20-3:20 pm          Sustainable Livelihoods

                                    Kwesi Palmer, Apiculture Specialist, Ministry of Industry,

                                    Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries

                                    “Sustainable development, apiculture, climate change and a Maroon action plan forward”

                                    Julian Patrick, Director of Product Development, Tourism Product Development Company Limited

                                    “The Community Tourism Policy and economic opportunities in the accommodations, attraction and tour subsectors”

                                    Tafari Burns, Director, Cultural Economics and Business Initiatives, Ministry of Culture, Gender, Entertainment and                                        Sport

                                    “Accessing the economic opportunities of the Blue and John Crow Mountains World Heritage Site sustainably”

3:40-4:40 pm             Sustainable Ecologies and Indigenous Peoples

                                    Wellington Taylor, Education Officer,

                                    Jamaica Conservation & Development Trust

                                    "The Blue and John Crow Mountains: Environmental Management and Cultural Heritage Preservation"

                                    Una May Gordon, Principal Director, Climate Change Division, Ministry of Economic Growth/Job Creation

                                    "UN Framework Convention on Climate Change: Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform"

                                    Dr. Thera Edwards, Geography & Geology, UWI Mona

                                   "Charting the History of Landscapes through Plots, Plans and Maps”

5:00-6:00 pm             Creative Legacies: Readings and Performances

                                    Dr. Opal Palmer Adisa, Director, Institute for Gender and Development Studies, UWI Mona

                                    "Love’s Promise: Female Self-Assertion"

                                    Kevan Anthony Cameron, Black Dot Roots and Culture Collective, Vancouver, Canada

                                    "Black Matthew, A Dub Poem"’

                                    Gaama Akinsanya Palmer, Charles Town, Jamaica

                                    Performance 

6:30 pm                      Banquet

7:30 pm                      Bonfire Night featuring drumming, dancing, live music by the River Park

 

Adinkra symbols copy

 

Ancestor Quao Day Celebration

 Saturday, June 3, 2018

 

9:30 – 10:15am                     Entrance Procession & Greeting of Ancestors  

                                            National Anthem                                          

                                            Taíno Call to the Sacred Directions                       

                                            Yoruba Libation                                           

                                            Akan Libation

10:15 – 10:40am                   Akwaaba & Introductions

                                                –          Actg Col. Marcia 'Kim' Douglas

                                                            Charles Town Maroons

                                                –          Mr. Richard Lumsden

                                                            CTMC Conference Organizing Committee    

                                                –          Dr. Frances Botkin, Academic Component            

                                                –          Ms. Dianne McIntosh, Wellness Village

                                                Greetings – Hon. Olivia Grange, CD, MP

                                                Minister of Culture, Gender, Entertainment and Sport

 

10:40 – 12:30 pm                   African Spirituality & the Veneration of Ancestors 

                                             Babalawo Oluwole A. Ifakunle

                                             Ile Omo Ope, New York, USA

                                             Maypole                               – Cascade Primary School

                                             Tribute to Atabey                   – Bibi Inaru Metzli Pastrano           

                                             Honouring the Elders                                  

                                             Who is Ancestor Quao?        – Tajay McLeod Charles Town

                                             Skit                                     – Charles Town Primary

                                             Quao Warrior Songs             – Charles Town Drummers & Singers

 

12:30 – 4:00 pm                   Book Exhibition                    – I Nation Books & Necessities  

                                                                                      – UWI Press Catalogs

                                           Bush Medicine Workshop

                                           Divination

                                           Children's Workshop/ Boston Beach Culture Club

                                           Bammy Making Demonstration  

                                           JNHT African Taíno Exhibition                          

                                           Indigo Fabric Dying Workshop

                                           Bush Medicine Market

                                           Women's Circle (Women as Peacemakers & Peacekeepers)

 

4:00 – 6:30 pm                     Alpha Beta Drummers

                                            Charles Town Maroon Junior Drummers & Dancers

                                            Quao's Victory                                                          - Jamokia Rose, Charles Town

                                            Rhythms of Guinea                                                   - Moustafa & Friends

                                            Hula Hoop Dance                                                      - Aldos Laidley Preparatory

                                           The Cari–Folk Singers                                                                                                         

                                           Heartbeat Pop and Mento Band

                                           Ancestral Prayer      

6:30 – 8:00 pm                    AKOM  

 

Maroon Victory Day Celebration

Sunday, June 24, 2018

1:00 - 6:00 pm

Blowing of the Abeng

 

Procession of Colonels and Gaa’man

 

Welcome        –          Master of Ceremonies

Libations

Welcome        –         Acting Colonel Marcia Douglas  

                                                               Charles Town Maroons

 

Performance – Charles Town Maroon Drummers & Dancers

 

Tribute to Colonel Noel Prehay of the Scotts Hall Maroons

 

Greetings & Performance      –          Moore Town Maroons

                                                                         –          Scotts Hall Maroons

                                                                         –          Accompong Maroons

                                                                         –          Flagstaff /Trelawny Maroons

 

Greetings              –         Gaa’man Gloria “Mau Mau G” Simms                                             

                           

                            –         Surinamese Maroons

                                                           –         Jamaica Tourist Board, JCDT, other sponsors

                                                           –         Japanese Embassy

 

Addresses             –          Honourable Minister Darryl Vaz, MP

                                                           –         Diana McCaulay, Jamaica Environment Trust

       “It happened in this very place: how community and home connect”

       

      –                    Danielle Andrade-Goffe, Goffe Law

        “The Escazu Agreement: people power to protect the environment”

     

      –                    Dr. Ruben Ravenberg "The Maroons in Suriname and the current challenges"

Keynote Speaker                                  –          Hon. Mr. Justice Dennis Morrison, QC, OJ                                                                                                                                                  President of the Court of Appeal of Jamaica

                                                                      “The Impact of the Maya Leaders Alliance v The Attorney General of Belize”

 

Performances                                        –       Captain Paddam Douglas and Moustafa Reds

                                                                    Capoeira Cativeiro Jamaica

                                                                    Rastafari Indigenous Village

                                                                    Charles Town Maroon Junior Drummers & Dancers      

                                                                    Charles Town Maroon Drummers & Dancers

Conference & Festival Presenters

Captain Marcia "Kim" Douglas

Marcia "Kim" Douglas is an herbalist extraordinaire, making wines, teas, medicines and rubs from native herbs, plants and fruits, knowledge she acquired from her parents. She believes that every plant has its own use and is to be analyzed individually. She says that each plant and herb must be used correctly in order to achieve maximum benefit. At the Charles Town Maroon Council "Kim" wears many hats. She is the head tour guide and administrator for the Charles Town Maroon's tours and attractions. She is also the lead dancer in the famous Charles Town Maroons drummers and Dancers.

Dr. Marcus Goffe

Dr. Marcus Goffe is an Attorney-at-Law who specializes in intellectual property law and the protection of traditional knowledge, traditional cultural expressions and the rights of indigenous and local communities. He is regularly consulted by the Maroon communities in Jamaica and is committed to supporting their sustainable development. .

Dr. Paul Youngquist

Paul Youngquist is a professor of English in at the University of Colorado-Boulder. His areas of specialization include British Romanticism, Atlantic Studies, science fiction, literary and cultural theory. .

 
Dr. Frances Botkin

Frances Botkin is a professor of English at Towson University, where she teaches British Romanticism, Caribbean literature, and gender studies. She has published articles on Maria Edgeworth, William Wordsworth, Sydney Owenson, and Jack Mansong. She has also edited with Paul Youngquist a special issue in Romantic Circles Praxis Series, "Circulations: Romanticism and the Black Atlantic"; they are currently compiling a collection of academic essays, creative work, and other intellectual endeavors, borne out of the Charles Town International Maroon Conference. Though she lives primarily in Baltimore, Maryland, Dr. Botkin spends several months of the year in Jamaica where she helps to organize the Charles Town International Maroon Conference. Dr. Botkin's book Thieving Three-fingered Jack: Transatlantic Tales of a Jamaican Outlaw, 1780-2015 will come out with Rutgers University Press in 2017.  

Dr. Christina H. Fuller

Dr. Christina H. Fuller takes a comprehensive approach to examining and understanding the multifaceted nature of environmental health disparities. She has more than 15 years of experience as an environmental engineer, advocate and researcher. Her expertise covers both outdoor and indoor environments with a particular focus on air pollution and heart disease, however, her expertise extends to contaminants in soil, water and dust. She advocates for community-based participatory methods for research in partnership with local communities. Dr. Fuller is an Assistant Professor at Georgia State University in Atlanta, GA, USA.

Mr. Kevan Anthony Cameron

In 2013, The Great Black North: Contemporary African Canadian Poetry, was published and one year later, I was awarded with a placement in the Youth Ambassadors Program sponsored by Fulbright Canada, The Embassy of the US in Canada and the US Department of State. Due to the successes of the ‘Blackademics’ in the Black Canadian Studies Association, I responded to a call for participants and was able to mentor a group of young Canadians visiting the United States and studying political science, history, economics and international affairs. I took the opportunity to satisfy my own curiousity about the origins of Canada and searched Mathieu deCoste; an individual so ahead of his time in serviceable diversity that his names were found spelled differently according to the language of the search engine I brought up the results in. After visiting Lake Champlain, speaking of the Battle of the Bulge and remembering the long forgotten MATHIEU DA COSTA CHALLENGE, I took it upon myself, as a dub poet, to set the record scratch. History needed to be overwritten. If Canada were to repay Black people for centuries of abuse and oppression, one way may be to recognize the Black people who are agents for positive change with monetized awards, bursaries, scholarships and grants. The poem, “The Ballad of Black Matthew” suggests that even the talented are at risk for enslavement because of the demands of the transatlantic trade in enslaved Africans. Black life mattered more during slavery than it does now.

Dr. Isis Semaj-Hall

Isis Semaj-Hall is a decolonial feminist, and cultural analyst. Shaped by her Jamaican childhood and New York adolescence, she has written essays and commentaries on a wide range of topics including sound studies, remix theory, Rihanna, Ishawna, Edwidge Danticat, Marlon James, dub, and dancehall. Semaj-Hall is co-founder and an editor of the PREE: Caribbean Writing magazine, author of the “write pon di riddim” blog, and she lectures in Caribbean writing, reggae poetry, and popular culture at the University of the West Indies, Mona.

Ms. Tejan Green-Waszak

Tejan Green-Waszak is a multidisciplinary artist and educator who was raised in Jamaica, Canada and the USA. She is a PhD candidate in English at St. John’s University and received her MFA in Creative Writing from Long Island University where she was also a Teaching Fellow. Her research interests are in Anglophone Caribbean literature and cultural studies as well as postcolonial literary studies. Tejan has taught at Columbia University, Empire State College and Long Island University, where she currently coordinates the Core Seminar Program. In addition to teaching English composition, literature and creative writing, she is a poet and performance artist. In 2015 she co-authored a collection of poetry in conversation titled We Were Us and more recently she co-edited an interdisciplinary anthology titled Idea of the Human.

Mr. John Favini

John Favini is a PhD student in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Virginia. His research, broadly, examines the ways people interact with local ecologies, especially in light of climate change. He has previously performed research in Senegal, where (post)colonial biases toward pastoralists and conservation discourse converged to justify the displacement of Senegal's Fulani pastoralists from their historical grazing lands. At the moment he is interested in learning about how Maroons variably relate to local landscapes, and the role conservation might play in substantiating their autonomy in light of renewed attempts at bauxite mining in Cockpit Country.

Dr. Harcourt Fuller

Dr. Harcourt Fuller is a Fulbright Global Scholar and Associate Professor of History in the Department of History at Georgia State University (GSU). He holds a PhD in International History and an MSc (with Merit) in History of International Relations from the London School of Economics (LSE), in addition to a BA in International Studies and an MA in History from the City University of New York (CUNY). He has previously taught at Connecticut College, Emmanuel College, Florida International University, and was a Visiting Researcher at the African Studies Center and a Visiting Scholar in the African American Studies Program at Boston University. As an internationally recognized scholar, Dr. Fuller has conducted research, given invited lectures and presented conference papers in Africa, Europe, North and South America, and the Caribbean.

Mr. Debon Panton

Debon Panton is a Management and IT Consultant, music producer, independent musician, traditional Yoruba Spiritualist and Nature lover. Massively Afro-Centric, he goes by the nom de plume Akua Kamau (Akua means born on a Wednesday and Kamau means silent warrior). A creator of numerous ethnic songs Debon is currently undertaking post-grad studies in the Faculty of Humanities and Education UWI Mona in their Cultural Studies program. When not engaged in contract work, Debon spends a lot of his time very hungrily going through sources of information on Yoruba Spiritual practices. Debon also loves to play the guitar and he currently serves as a member of the Board of Directors for the Jamaica Association of Composers, Authors and Publishers (JACAP)..

Dr. Patricia Gonzales

Patricia González Gómez-Cásseres, Ph.D. Teaches Caribbean literature and culture, as well as Spanish language at Smith College, Massachusetts. Her current research centers on Afro-Cuban cultural studies and literature. Her first publication, La sartén por el mango: Encuentro de escritoras latinoamericanas (1983), became a major work consulted avidly by Latin American feminists during the 1980s and 1990s. Her next publications, Confluencias en México palabra y género (2007), related to women in Mexico across different disciplines: history, anthropology, literature and philosophy. She has authored many scholarly articles and won an NEH translation grant in 2015 to translate Lydia Cabrera’s book La lengua sagrada de los ñáñigos, (The Sacred Language of the Abakua.) Her latest article, “Afro-Cuban religions: Spiritual marronage and resistance” will appear in the Maroon issue of the next Social and Economic Studies journal..

Mr. Lucayo Casillas

Lucayo Casillas is a rising senior at Dartmouth College who has completed a major in history modified with African and African American studies, as well as a minor in Native American studies. He is a member of the Mellon Mays Undergraduate Research Fellowship, and is currently working on a research project concerning the history of the Jamaican Maroon people. The focus of his project is on the effects of African cultural continuity on the development of Maroon societies, and how this shaped the course of their history during 17th and 18th centuries. Lucayo is especially interested in the Asafo society, after having spent time with Asafo warriors during his foreign study in Ghana. Lucayo's historical work sees the Maroon people as a transplanted African tribal-nation (historically comprised of members from various tribal-nations) that has fought to preserve its culture and sovereignty in the face of slavery and colonialism, just as Amerindians are known for doing..

Ms. Tracey Mia Stewart

Tracey Mia Stewart is a Ph.D. candidate in the McIntire Department of Music at the University of Virginia. She received a Master of Arts from the University of Virginia in 2016 and a Bachelor of Music from Howard University in 2012. After graduating from Howard, Tracey spent ten months as a Fulbright Fellow to Jamaica. During that time, she laid the groundwork for her current dissertation field research on the complex influences of music, memory and trauma in the articulation of Jamaican Maroon identity, and more broadly on the development of identity among post-colonial communities and individuals throughout the Americas and the Caribbean. Tracey currently resides in Portland, Jamaica by way of Charlottesville, Virginia, but was born and raised in Westbury, New York.

Ms. Bettina Moss

Bettina Moss is an associate professor in the School of Professional Studies at National University in Los Angeles, California where she is creator of and program director for the MFA in Professional Screenwriting Program. She is a Fulbright Senior Specialist candidate with a focus on ‘Cinematic Storytelling Across Cultures.’ She was a COIL Fellow –participating in a three year fellowship (2011-2013) through the State University of New York (funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities), the focus of which was to develop online teaching of cross cultural storytelling. This collaborative experience is detailed in the book, ‘Globally Networked Teaching in the Humanities’ published by Routledge/Taylor-Francis (2015). She is currently at work on two New York based creative projects; a mixed media documentary oral history project with the 9/11 Memorial & Museum, and a graphic novel/transmedia narrative. For over eight years she was Managing Story Editor and a creative executive for HBO Films in Los Angeles. While working there she also taught for UCLA Extension in the Entertainment Studies division, working with international students. She sold her first co-written screenplay to Distant Horizons, producer of such films as Mandela; Long Walk To Freedom, and Cry The Beloved Country. Her MFA in Screenwriting is from Columbia University in New York..

Dr. Omid Tofighian

Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, American University in Cairo Honorary Research Associate, Department of Philosophy, University of Sydney.

Ms. Lisa Betty

Lisa Betty is a PhD candidate in History at Fordham University in New York City. She serves as Graduate Assistant for the Bronx African American History Project at Fordham supporting Bronx community collaboration and development of the oral history digital archive. In addition to her research within academic spaces, she has worked in the field of nonprofit advocacy serving in organizations that advocate for children, families and incarcerated populations.

Mrs. Danielle Andrade-Goffe

Danielle Andrade-Goffe is a Jamaican Attorney-at-Law and partner in the law firm Goffe Law with extensive experience in environmental law. Among other things, she has worked on the development of Jamaica’ Climate Change policy. She is currently an elected representative of the public for the negotiation of a regional agreement on access to information, public participation and access to justice in environmental matters for Latin America and the Caribbean. Ms. Andrade was previously Legal Director of the Jamaica Environment Trust (JET), a non-profit, environmental, non-governmental organisation, a post she held for nine years. During that time she assisted JET in making over 300 requests for information and over 10 appeals under the Access to Information Act as well as bringing judicial review cases concerning breach of access rights. She has also served as a consultant to several organisations including, UNDP, the National Environment and Planning Agency (Jamaica), GOPA (German) and the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). In 2009 she was the recipient of a British Chevening scholarship and completed a Masters degree in Environmental Law from Queen Mary, University of London. She has lectured in Environmental Law at the University of the Technology, University of Florida and College of Agricultural Science and Education. Her areas of expertise include environmental policy, litigation, advocacy, legislative drafting and environmental law education.

Professor Opal Palmer Adisa

Internationally recognized writer and performer, Prof. Opal Palmer Adisa has over twenty publications to her name, both scholarly and creative, that centralize women, explore issues of gender, and the interstice of Caribbean and African Diaspora history. Her dissertation, Three landscapes: Jamaican Women Writers at Home and in the Diaspora, examines the representation of women, and interrogates womanhood by looking through the lens of women writers in Jamaica, in Britain as well as in the USA. From her very first publication, Bake- Face and other Guava Stories (1986), Prof. Adisa has tackled the issue of women’s place in society, in particular, how women navigate patriarchal structures that restrict their sexual and physical mobility, leaving them vulnerable to abuse. With almost three decades in the academy, Prof. Adisa has taught at Stanford University, University of California, Berkeley and University of the Virgin Islands. She was the Chair of the Diversity Studies program at California College of the Arts and was a Distinguished Professor of Literature and Creative Writing. During her tenure at CCA, Prof. Adisa was appointed Chair of the Faculty Diversity Committee, and served in this capacity for six years, while also helping to establish an MFA in creative writing program. Prof. Adisa has edited several journal including The Caribbean Writer at the University of the Virgin Island, and is currently the founding editor of Interviewing the Caribbean. She was former president of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars (ACWWS) and in that capacity worked on coalition building, agency and retention for women in the academy..

Dr. Patricia González Gómez-Cásseres

Patricia González Gómez-Cásseres, Ph.D is a senior Lecturer at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts. She teaches Caribbean literature and Culture courses, as well as Spanish Language courses. Her first publication La sartén por el mango: Encuentro de escritoras latinoamericanas published in 1983 by Huracán in Puerto Rico became a major work consulted avidly by Latin American Feminists and was used in Latin American women studies courses in many universities in the United States during the 1980s and 1990s. Her next publication, Confluencias en México: Palabra y Género, published at the Benémerita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP) in 2007, covered issues related to women in Academia in Mexico across different disciplines, including history, anthropology, literature and philosophy. Her current research center around Cuban ritual theater and Latin American women writers, and she has authored many scholarly articles. In 2015, she received an NEH grant to translate Lydia Cabrera’s book The Sacred Language of the Abakuá. Thanks to the grant, she traveled to Cuba, Cameroon and Nigeria during the summer of 2016 to research secret societies in the Calabar region, similar to those known as the Abakuá in Cuba.

Captain Marcia "Kim" Douglas

Marcia "Kim" Douglas is an herbalist extraordinaire, making wines, teas, medicines and rubs from native herbs, plants and fruits, knowledge she acquired from her parents. She believes that every plant has its own use and is to be analyzed individually. She says that each plant and herb must be used correctly in order to achieve maximum benefit. At the Charles Town Maroon Council "Kim" wears many hats. She is the head tour guide and administrator for the Charles Town Maroon's tours and attractions. She is also the lead dancer in the famous Charles Town Maroons drummers and Dancers.

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